Browsing articles tagged with " osteoarthritis"

Osteoarthritis

Nov 10, 2011   //   by soon   //    //  No Comments

Osteoarthritis

osteoarthritis

What is Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is the breaking down of the cartilage in your joints. Cartilage is the slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones in a joint and they acted as a “cushion” so that the joints is able to glide along each other smoothly. It commonly affects the hands, feet, spine and any large weight-bearing joints, such as the hips and knees.


Symptoms of Osteoarthritis

  • Warm Sensation
  • Pain and Stiffness Joints
  • Crackling Sound when Bend
  • Deformity of Joint

 


Causes of Osteoarthritis

  • Mechanical injury
  • Overweight
  • Loss of strength in muscles supporting joints
  • Inflammatory diseases

 


Treatment for Osteoarthritis

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Glucosamine
  • Splint
  • Lifestyle Modification

 


Self-Diagnose can bring more harm than treating it. It is good to know more about the injury but definitely not to the point of self-treatment. It will be much safer to get treated by Our Doctor, for more information or to book an appointment with Singapore Sports and Orthopaedic Clinic, you can call (+65) 6471 2691, the hotline is open 24 hours. You may also send us an enquiry for appointment or question about Osteoarthritis.

 

Total Hip Replacement

Jun 2, 2011   //   by soon   //    //  No Comments

Total Hip Replacement

total-hip-replacement

What is Total Hip Replacement?

A Total Hip Replacement is a surgical procedure whereby the cartilage and bone of the hip joint is surgically replaced with artificial materials. The normal hip joint is a ball and socket joint. The socket is a “cup-shaped” bone of the pelvis called the acetabulum. The ball is the head of the thigh bone. Total hip joint replacement involves surgical removal of the ball and socket and replacing them with a metal ball and stem inserted into the femur bone and an artificial plastic cup socket.


Common Causes of Hip Pain and Loss of Hip Function

  • Osteoarthritis usually occurs in people 50 years of age and older and often with a family history of arthritis. The cartilage that cushions the bones of the knee softens and wears away due to wear and tear. The bones then rub against one another, causing knee pain and stiffness.

 

  • Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease in which the synovial membrane becomes thickened and inflamed, producing too much synovial fluid that overfills the joint space. This inflammation can damage the cartilage and eventually cause cartilage loss, pain, and stiffness.

 

  • Traumatic arthritis can follow a serious knee injury. A knee fracture or severe tears of the knee ligaments may damage the articular cartilage over time, causing knee pain and limiting knee function.

 


Is Total Hip Replacement for you?

You may benefit from hip replacement surgery if:

  • Hip pain limits your everyday activities such as walking or bending
  • Hip pain continues while resting, either day or night
  • Stiffness in a hip limits your ability to move or lift your leg
  • You have little pain relief from anti-inflammatory drugs
  • You have harmful or unpleasant side effects from your hip medications
  • Other treatments such as physical therapy do not relieve hip pain

 


Sign and Symptoms of Blood Clot

When there is blood cot in the legs:

  • Pain in your calf and leg
  • Tenderness on your calf
  • Swelling of your thigh, calf, ankle, or foot

When there is blood cot in the lungs:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain when breathing

Notify your doctor immediately if you develop any of these signs.

Total Knee Replacement

May 29, 2011   //   by soon   //    //  No Comments

Total Knee Replacement

total-knee-replacement

What is Total Knee Replacement?

A Total Knee Replacement is a surgical procedure whereby the knee joint is replaced with artificial material. The knee is a hinge joint which provides motion at the point where the thigh meets the lower leg. During a total knee replacement, the end of the femur bone is removed and replaced with a metal shell. The end of the lower leg bone is also removed and replaced with a channeled plastic piece with a metal stem. Depending on the condition of the kneecap portion of the knee joint, a plastic “button” may also be added under the kneecap surface.

Common Causes of Knee Pain and Loss of Knee Function

  • Osteoarthritis usually occurs in people 50 years of age and older and often with a family history of arthritis. The cartilage that cushions the bones of the knee softens and wears away due to wear and tear. The bones then rub against one another, causing knee pain and stiffness.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease in which the synovial membrane becomes thickened and inflamed, producing too much synovial fluid that overfills the joint space. This inflammation can damage the cartilage and eventually cause cartilage loss, pain, and stiffness.
  • Traumatic arthritis can follow a serious knee injury. A knee fracture or severe tears of the knee ligaments may damage the articular cartilage over time, causing knee pain and limiting knee function.

 


Is Total Knee Replacement for You?

Total knee replacement surgery is considered for patients whose knee joints have been damaged by either progressive arthritis, trauma, or other rare destructive diseases of the joint. The most common reason for knee replacement in the United States is severe osteoarthritis of the knees. Decisions regarding whether or when to undergo knee replacement surgery are not easy. Patients should understand the risks as well as the benefits before making these decisions.


What are the risk of Total Knee Replacement?

Risks of total knee replacement include blood clots in the legs that can travel to the lungs. Pulmonary embolism can cause shortness of breath, chest pain, and even shock. Other risks include urinary tract infection, nausea and vomiting, chronic knee pain and stiffness, bleeding into the knee joint, nerve damage, blood vessel injury, and infection of the knee which may require re-operation.


Sign and Symptoms of Blood Clot

When there is blood cot in the legs:

  • Increasing pain and swelling in your calf, ankle and foot
  • Tenderness around your knee

When there is blood clot in your lung:

  • Sudden increased shortness of breath
  • Sudden onset of chest pain
  • Chest pain with coughing

Notify your doctor immediately if you develop any of these signs.