Orthopaedics is a medical specialty that deals with the specializes musculoskeletal system. An Orthopaedist, or an Orthopaedic Surgeon, is a physician who specializes in treating disorders of the musculoskeletal system —the system of the body that includes bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves, skin, and any structures related to them.
Much of the early work in Orthopaedics involved children who had spine or limb deformities. Treatment included the use of braces to straighten the child’s body, and to correct deformity.
Today, Orthopaedists provide many forms of treatments-casts for broken bones, exercises or medication for musculoskeletal injury or disease, and surgery such as implanting artificial joints and reconstruction of damaged limbs.
Some Orthopaedists confine their practice to specific areas of the musculoskeletal system, such as the spine, hip, foot or hand, However, most practice general orthopaedics, treating a wide variety of diseases, injuries, and conditions.
What is Orthopaedic Surgery?
Orthopaedics is the branch of surgery which deals essentially with bones and other bone-related structures. Most of the orthopaedic surgery performed follows traumatic accidents (falls, motor vehicle accidents, twisting injuries and the like), but other surgeries include correction of congenital and developmental limb deformities.
WHAT ARE COMMON PROBLEMS IN ORTHOPAEDICS?
Some of the common problems are those caused by injuries from accidents that occur at home, at work, on the highways, and from competitive sports. The most frequent are:
- broken bones
- torn ligaments
- tendon injuries
- pulled muscles
- ruptured discs and sciatica
In addition to injuries, Orthopaedists also treat more chronic conditions such as problems with the back, legs, and feet. These include:
- arthritic joints
- low back pain
- knock knees or bow legs
- bunions and hammer toe