Knee pain is the most common injury that one can sustain. As it is the largest joint in the body, The knee cap or patella is a bone within the tendon of the quadriceps muscle. The patella forms a joint with the femur that shares the same capsule as the joint between the femur and tibia. The latter joint has two half-moon-shaped pieces of cartilage called meniscus that both guide the bones as they move and take about 60 percent of the weight going through the knee. In addition, there are a large number of muscles, ligaments, and tendons acting to move or stabilise the knee. Some causes of knee pain are obvious while others may require in depth examination and special investigations to diagnose.
Common Knee Condition
- Heavy pain,swelling and stiffening of the knee.
- Gets worsen after activity
- Pain interfering in simple daily activities such as walking and even sleeping.
OSTEOARTHRITIS – The most common cause of knee pain is degenerative osteoarthritis. According to research, women are prone to get this condition. The pain of this condition is characterised by mild to debilitating.
- Popping Sound at the time of injury
- Knee swelling within 6 hours of injury
- Pain especially when you try to put weight on the injured leg.
LIGAMENT INJURIES – Ligament injuries in the knee; such as an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are common among sports professional and amateur athletes. This injury is painful and debilitating. They will permanently change your lifestyle.
- Sharp pain usually on the inside or outside the knee
- Stiffness and Swelling
- Clicking Sound
- Twisting or squatting cause increasing pain
- Knee gets stuck in a certain position that needs to wiggled to get it back into place.
MENISCAL TEAR – The meniscus is a small “c” shaped cartilage that acts as a cushion in the knee joint. They sit between the femur and the tibia bone, one on the outside and one on the inside of the knee.
- Unable to straighten knee by yourself.
- Unable to perform a straight leg raise.
- Swelling of knee and a papable defect at the location of the tear.
CONDROMALACIA PATELLA – Chondromalacia patella is a common cause of kneecap pain or anterior knee pain. Often called “Runner’s Knee,” this condition often affects young, otherwise healthy athletes.
To Book An Appointment With Specialist
How Doctors Determine Your Medical Condition?
Xray or CT Scan
What Doctors do to relieve your knee pain ?
Corticosteroids. Injections of a corticosteroid drug into your knee joint may help reduce the symptoms of an arthritis flare and provide pain relief that lasts a few months. The injections aren’t effective in all cases. There is a small risk of infection.
Hyaluronic acid. This thick fluid is normally found in healthy joints, and injecting it into damaged ones may ease pain and provide lubrication. Experts aren’t quite sure how hyaluronic acid works, but it may reduce inflammation. Relief from a series of shots may last as long as six months to a year.
Physical therapy. Strengthening the muscles around your knee will make it more stable. Training is likely to focus on the muscles on the front of your thigh (quadriceps) and the muscles in the back of your thigh (hamstrings). Exercises to improve your balance strenght of your legs.
Orthotics and bracing. Arch supports, sometimes with wedges on the inner or outer aspect of the heel, can help to shift pressure away from the side of the knee most affected by osteoarthritis. Different types of braces may help protect and support the knee joint.
Arthroscopy surgery. Arthroscopy may be used to remove loose bodies from your knee joint, repair torn or damaged cartilage and reconstruct torn ligaments.
Partial knee replacement surgery. Replaces only the most damaged portion of your knee with parts made of metal and plastic.
Total knee replacement. In this procedure, your surgeon cuts away damaged bone and cartilage from your thighbone, shinbone and kneecap, and replaces it with an artificial joint made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics and polymers.