Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy
What is Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy?
Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy sometime also known as Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a condition of intense burning pain, stiffness, swelling, and discoloration that most often affects the hands.
2 Type of CRPS:
- Occurs after an illness or injury that did not directly damage a nerve in the affected area
- A distinct nerve injury
Symptoms of Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy
Stage 1: Acute
Three to six month of burning, flushing, blanching, sweating, swelling, pain, and tenderness. This stage can show early x- ray changes of patchy bone thinning.
Stage 2: Dystrophic
Three to Six month of skin changes of shiny, thickened skin and contracture with persistent pain, but diminished swelling and flushing
Stage 3: Atrophic:
Loss of motion and function of the involved hand or foot with contracture (flexed scarring process), thinning of the fatty layers under the skin. X-ray can show significant osteoporosis.
Causes of Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy
- Irritation and Abnormal Excitation of Nervous Tissue
- Heart Disease
- Degenerative Arthritis of the Neck
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Treatment for Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy
- Anti-Inflammatory Medication or Injection
- Cool, moist application to relief burning symptoms