The elbow is the joint where three long bones meet in the middle portion of the arm. The radius and ulna also meet in the elbow to allow for rotation of the forearm. The elbow functions to move the arm like a hinge and in rotation motion. The biceps muscle is the major muscle that flexes the elbow hinge. The triceps muscle is the major muscle that extends the elbow hinge. Tendons are attached to this area which can be injured, causing inflammation or tendinitis. The inner portion of the elbow is a bony prominence called the medial epicondyle. Additional tendons from the muscles attach here and can be injured, causing medial epicondylitis, “golfer’s elbow.” A fluid-filled sac , which serves to reduce friction, overlies the tip of the elbow. The elbow can be affected by inflammation of the tendons or the bursae or conditions that affect the bones and joints, such as fractures, arthritis, or nerve irritation. Joint pain in the elbow can result from injury or disease involving any of these structures.
Elbow pain is most often the result of tendinitis, arthritis and bursitis which can affect the inner or outer elbow. Funny bone sensation is irritation of a nerve at the elbow that causes numbness and tingling of the inner elbow, forearm as well as little and ring fingers.
Common Elbow Condition
- Pain, tingling and numbness in the small and ring fingers
- Weakness of the muscles in the hand
Cubital tunnel syndrome — also known as ulnar nerve neuritis— is caused by increased pressure on the ulnar nerve, which passes close to the skin’s surface in the area of the elbow commonly known as the “funny bone.
- Pain when you grip something, for example holding a pen or shaking someone’s hand
- Pain when you twist your forearm, for example turning a door handle
- Pain when you use your keyboard or mouse
fully lengthen (extend) your arm
Tennis elbow is characterized by soreness or pain on the outside of the upper arm near the elbow. There may be a partial tear of the tendon fibers which joins the muscle to bone near their point of origin on the outside of the elbow.
- Pain on the bony bit on the inside of the elbow.
- Weakness in the wrist.
Pain on the inside of the elbow when you grip something hard.
- Pain when wrist flexion (bending the wrist palm downwards) is resisted.
- Pain on resisted wrist pronation – rotating inwards (thumb downwards).
Golfer’s elbow, or medial epicondylitis, is similar to its counterpart, tennis elbow. The primary differences between these conditions are the location of the pain and the activity that leads to injury.
To Book An Appointment With Specialist
How Doctors Determine Your Medical Condition?
Xray or CT Scan
What Doctors do to relieve your elbow pain?
Medicines and Anti-inflammatory injection for mild cases
If the problem is caused by acute inflammation, anti-inflammatory medications may give you some relief. If inflammation doesn’t go away, our specialist may inject the elbow with anti-inflammatory medication.
Splinting the elbow, especially at night. Padding the elbow for work activitie
Shockwave therapy is a newer form of nonsurgical treatment. It uses a machine to generate shock wave pulses to the sore area. This is to help generate the healing process of the tendon.
Platelet Rich Plasma and Surgery intervention will be the last source of treatment if all the conservative treatments do not respond well.
Tendon Debridement – When problems are caused by tendinosis, surgeons may choose to take out (debride) only the affected tissues within the tendon. In these cases, the surgeon cleans up the tendon, removing only the damaged tissue.
Tendon Release – A commonly used surgery for tennis elbow is called a lateral epicondyle release. This surgery takes tension off the extensor tendon.