What is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a disease that deteriorate bone mineral density and tissue which leads to increased bone fragility and risk of fracture. Osteoporosis is often known as “the silent killer” because bone loss occurs without any symptoms. Bone is composed of protein, collagen and calcium which give bone its strength and durability. Bones that are affected by osteoporosis can break with just a minor injury that normally would not cause a bone to fracture. The fracture can be either in the form of cracking or collapsing. The spine, hips, ribs, and wrists are common areas of bone fractures from osteoporosis.
Symptoms of Osteoporosis
There is no symptoms for the disease. Only through early detection of scans or frequent bone fracture you are able actually able to determine you are suffering from it.
Causes of Osteoporosis
- Female gender
- Thin and small body frame
- Family history of osteoporosis
- Cigarette smoking
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Lack of exercise
- Diet low in calcium
- Poor nutrition and poor general health
Treatment for Osteoporosis
- Changes of life style
- Medication that increase bone strength, calcium supplement