Total Hip Replacement
What is Total Hip Replacement?
A Total Hip Replacement is a surgical procedure whereby the cartilage and bone of the hip joint is surgically replaced with artificial materials. The normal hip joint is a ball and socket joint. The socket is a “cup-shaped” bone of the pelvis called the acetabulum. The ball is the head of the thigh bone. Total hip joint replacement involves surgical removal of the ball and socket and replacing them with a metal ball and stem inserted into the femur bone and an artificial plastic cup socket.
Common Causes of Hip Pain and Loss of Hip Function
- Osteoarthritis usually occurs in people 50 years of age and older and often with a family history of arthritis. The cartilage that cushions the bones of the knee softens and wears away due to wear and tear. The bones then rub against one another, causing knee pain and stiffness.
- Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease in which the synovial membrane becomes thickened and inflamed, producing too much synovial fluid that overfills the joint space. This inflammation can damage the cartilage and eventually cause cartilage loss, pain, and stiffness.
- Traumatic arthritis can follow a serious knee injury. A knee fracture or severe tears of the knee ligaments may damage the articular cartilage over time, causing knee pain and limiting knee function.
Is Total Hip Replacement for you?
You may benefit from hip replacement surgery if:
- Hip pain limits your everyday activities such as walking or bending
- Hip pain continues while resting, either day or night
- Stiffness in a hip limits your ability to move or lift your leg
- You have little pain relief from anti-inflammatory drugs
- You have harmful or unpleasant side effects from your hip medications
- Other treatments such as physical therapy do not relieve hip pain
Sign and Symptoms of Blood Clot
When there is blood cot in the legs:
- Pain in your calf and leg
- Tenderness on your calf
- Swelling of your thigh, calf, ankle, or foot
When there is blood cot in the lungs:
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain when breathing
Notify your doctor immediately if you develop any of these signs.