Severe pain in the knee joint happens to human all ages. To more know more about knee joint pain will help us in seeking better treatment, prevent such condition to occur and also guide us in regaining mobility in the region. The knee joint is in-between the upper and the lower leg. It suppose to provide us stability to support the weight of the body and to allow us to bend our leg. We use our knee joint in walking, running and jumping. In the knee joint region, it consist of bones, cartilage, muscles, ligaments and tendons. Any of the part stated earlier are bound to wear and tear and it will effect with disease and injury.
Certain injury may cause the kneecap to move out of place. A dislocated knee is a rare but dangerous injury. It take a great blow to cause such damage. Dislocation of the knee is extremely painful. The doctor will reduce the dislocation an d ensure there are no further injuries. Injuries to the blood vessels and nerves around the knee are common in this situation, and it can be life-threatening.
Doctor will recommend surgery to repair the damaged knee. This medical condition requires immediate clinical attention.
Degenerative tissue disorders
Degenerative tissue disorders are a common knee joint pain. Osteoarthritis is a very good example of degeneration in the cartilage which effect the surrounding tissue of the knee. It wll cause pain and stiffness in the knee joint. The degenerative condition occurs most commonly as a result of aging. There is no cure for this degenerative tissue disease, people can only manage the symptoms with pain relief medications and some simple exercise.
Severe damage may lead to joint replacement or other forms of surgery. A doctor will initially order an X-ray to assess the extent of the damage and decide on the best course of treatment.
Metabolic causes knee joint pain, normally occur together with a disease that effects several parts of the body, example like gout.
Gout normally happens because of uric acid crystals develop in the knee joints area, the most common metabolic problems that affect the knee. Gout is a form of arthritis and can be very painful. It will cause swelling and inflammation in the knee joint and because of the swelling it reduce the range of motion in the knee area.
A doctor will often recommend anti-inflammatory medications or other treatments that help break down the chemicals in gout crystals.
Pseudogout is a similar condition. People commonly mistake this for gout, and it causes calcium-containing crystals to develop in the joint fluid, leading to swelling in the knee.
Treatment for gout and pseudogout are often similar.
Talk to a doctor
A trained knee pain specialist may need to perform several tests to determine the direct cause of any knee pain.
Below are some question they may ask to determine the condition of the knee joint pain.
When and how did the pain start?
Is the pain linked to an injury?
How severe is the pain?
How has the pain changed over time?
What makes the pain worse and what makes it feel better?
What treatment has taken place so far?
Has this ever happened before?
The doctor will be able to recommend a course of treatment appropriate for the cause of the pain.
Effective treatment options are available today that include the use of medications, physical and occupational therapy, and surgery when needed to help stop the pain and help the patient return to an active lifestyle.
Dr. Ambrose Yung specialise in Sports Medicines, Osteoarthritis, Fracture, Partial & Total Joint Replacement,
Minimal Invasive Trauma Surgery, Arthroscopy, Common Orthopaedic Problems for Adult & Children