Browsing articles in "Orthopaedic Article"

What are Sports Injury?

Jun 13, 2012   //   by soon   //   Orthopaedic Article, Uncategorized  //  No Comments

Sports injuries are injuries that happen when playing sports or exercising.  Some are resulted from poor training practice and improper sports gear. While others are injured because of not in proper condition (etc. overstraining due to no or not enough training, sickness …) and occasionally it is because of not warming up or stretching enough before you play or exercise can also lead to injuries.

The most common sports injuries are:

  • Sprains and strains
  • Knee injuries
  • Swollen muscles
  • Achilles tendon injuries
  • Pain along the shin bone
  • Fractures
  • Dislocations

Below are the list of  FAQ commonly asked by sportsmen:

What’s the Difference Between an Acute and a Chronic Injury?

There are two types of sports injuries, acute and chronic.
Acute injuries occur suddenly or almost immediately when playing or exercising.
Signs of an acute injury include:

  • Sudden, severe pain
  • Swelling
  • Not being able to place weight on a leg, knee, ankle, or foot
  • Injured area is very tender
  • Not being able to move a joint as normal
  • Extreme leg or arm weakness
  • A bone or joint that is visibly out of place

Chronic injuries happen after you play a sport or exercise for a long time.
Signs of a chronic injury include:

  • Pain when you playing
  • A dull ache when you rest
  • Swelling

What Should I Do if I Get Injured?

Never try to “work through” the pain of a sports injury, you must stop immediately as it will only cause more harm to the injury.

Call a doctor when:

  • The injury causes severe pain, swelling, or numbness
  • You can’t put any weight on the area
  • An old injury hurts or aches
  • An old injury swells
  • The joint doesn’t feel normal or feels unstable.

If you don’t have any of these signs, it may be safe to treat the injury at home. If the pain or other symptoms get worse, you should call your doctor. Use the RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation) method to relieve pain, reduce swelling, and speed healing. Follow these four steps right after the injury occurs and do so for at least 48 hours:

  • Rest. Reduce your regular activities. If you’ve injured your foot, ankle, or knee, take weight off of it. A crutch can help. If your right foot or ankle is injured, use the crutch on the left side. If your left foot or ankle is injured, use the crutch on the right side.
  • Ice. Put an ice pack to the injured area for 20 minutes, four to eight times a day. You can use a cold pack or ice bag. You can also use a plastic bag filled with crushed ice and wrapped in a towel. Take the ice off after 20 minutes to avoid cold injury.
  • Compression. Put even pressure (compression) on the injured area to help reduce swelling. You can use an elastic wrap, special boot, air cast, or splint. Ask your doctor which one is best for your injury.
  • Elevation. Put the injured area on a pillow, at a level above your heart, to help reduce swelling.

How Are Sports Injuries Treated?

Treatment often begins with the RICE method. Here are some other things your doctor may do to treat your sports injury.

Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
Your doctor will suggest that you take a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).  These drugs reduce swelling and pain. You can buy them at a drug store. It may relieve pain, but it will not reduce swelling.Immobilization
Immobilization is a common treatment for sports injuries. It keeps the injured area from moving and prevents more damage. Slings, splints, casts, and leg immobilizers are used to immobilize sports injuries.Surgery
In some cases, surgery is needed to fix sports injuries. Surgery can fix torn tendons and ligaments or put broken bones back in place. Most sports injuries don’t need surgery.Rehabilitation (Exercise)
Rehabilitation is a key part of treatment. It involves exercises that step by step get the injured area back to normal. Moving the injured area helps it to heal. The sooner this is done, the better. Exercises start by gently moving the injured body part through a range of motions. The next step is to stretch. After a while, weights may be used to strengthen the injured area.

As injury heals, scar tissue forms. After a while, the scar tissue shrinks. This shrinking brings the injured tissues back together. When this happens, the injured area becomes tight or stiff. This is when you are at greatest risk of injuring the area again. You should stretch the muscles every day. You should always stretch as a warmup before you play or exercise.

Don’t play your sport until you are sure you can stretch the injured area without pain, swelling, or stiffness. When you start playing again, start slowly. Build up step by step to full speed.

Although it is good to start moving the injured area as soon as possible, you must also take time to rest after an injury. All injuries need time to heal; proper rest helps the process. Your doctor can guide you on the proper balance between rest and rehabilitation.

Other Therapies
Other common therapies that help with the healing process include  cold packs (cryotherapy), heat packs (thermotherapy), sound waves (ultrasound), and massage.

What is Orthopaedic?

Mar 16, 2012   //   by soon   //   Orthopaedic Article  //  No Comments

Orthopaedics is a medical specialty that deals with the specializes musculoskeletal system. An Orthopaedist, or an Orthopaedic Surgeon, is a physician who specializes in treating disorders of the musculoskeletal system —the system of the body that includes bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves, skin, and any structures related to them.

Much of the early work in Orthopaedics involved children who had spine or limb deformities. Treatment included the use of braces to straighten the child’s body, and to correct deformity.

Today, Orthopaedists provide many forms of treatments-casts for broken bones, exercises or medication for musculoskeletal injury or disease, and surgery such as implanting artificial joints and reconstruction of damaged limbs.

Some Orthopaedists confine their practice to specific areas of the musculoskeletal system, such as the spine, hip, foot or hand, However, most practice general orthopaedics, treating a wide variety of diseases, injuries, and conditions.

What is Orthopaedic Surgery?

Orthopaedics is the branch of surgery which deals essentially with bones and other bone-related structures. Most of the orthopaedic surgery performed follows traumatic accidents (falls, motor vehicle accidents, twisting injuries and the like), but other surgeries include correction of congenital and developmental limb deformities.


Some of the common problems are those caused by injuries from accidents that occur at home, at work, on the highways, and from competitive sports. The most frequent are:

  • broken bones
  • torn ligaments
  • dislocations
  • sprains
  • tendon injuries
  • pulled muscles
  • ruptured discs and sciatica

In addition to injuries, Orthopaedists also treat more chronic conditions such as problems with the back, legs, and feet. These include:

  • arthritic joints
  • low back pain
  • scoliosis 
  • knock knees or bow legs
  • bunions and hammer toe

What is Arthroscopic Surgery?

Feb 25, 2012   //   by soon   //   Orthopaedic Article  //  No Comments

What is Arthroscopic Surgery?

As the joints may get damage due to numerous factors such as ligaments, tendons, cartilage that may result into the problem including pain or inflammation, injuries to bones and joints, dislocation, carpal tunnel syndrome, knee damage and so on. Arthroscopic surgical treatment is really a procedure through which the orthopaedic research and treat the ongoing joints and muscle tissues issues. The 6 major joints that are prone to damage or suffer are elbow, knee, hip; ankle, wrist and shoulder are examined. Surgeons create a tiny cut on the skin and insert an instrument into the joints. This helps them to see the picture, determine the exact cause of the problem or discomfort, and diagnose accordingly. Arthroscopic surgery is considered the most accurate procedure by means of which the musculoskeletal problems are solved without the major surgery.

Singapore is considered to be the residence of Orthopaedic surgeons. If you happen to be in Singapore and wish to consult the Orthopaedic surgeons, you just have to search for orthopaedic singapore. You may come across a huge selection of website where you will be able to find the local Singapore Orthopaedic clinic near you. Also, you will be able to look at their specialties.

Ensure that you are doing research well for your well-known Singapore Orthopaedic Clinic as they will assist you to to obtain relief out of your pain and will ensure the higher quality of life.

Back Pain Problem

Jan 15, 2012   //   by soon   //   back pain, Orthopaedic Article  //  No Comments

One of the most common problems that are being faced by people across the globe is back pain. Irrespective of age, one may acquire acute or chronic pain in the back due to various reasons. While repeated bending and standing is the cause for some, a sudden fall and trying to get up quick is the reason for some. Whatever may be the reason, it is very important to know that the severity of back pain and the complications arising out of it increase with age. Older people have higher chances of fracturing their bones than youngsters when they fall. It is also found that older woman have higher chances of fractures than men and young women.

As many are aware, the back or the spinal cord is very important to carry out one’s daily activities. One has to approach a good orthopedic clinic to recover fast and get back to normal life. There are several orthopedicians who provide treatment to back pain. Today, due to the evolved information technology, one can find the best orthopedic clinic right from home. One can find the contact details of the professionals in the clinic to attend to all orthopedic problems, be it basic ones or sports injuries. These back pain specialists also provide adequate patient education to ensure better treatment compliance. One can find a lot of information about various orthopedic problems, precautions to be taken to avoid them and various methods in which it can be cured from these professionals available online.

Fall Prevention

Dec 30, 2011   //   by soon   //   Orthopaedic Article  //  No Comments

Falls can happen anytime and any place to people of any age, but most falls by people 50 years of age and older have higher chances of fracturing their bone. The number of falls and the severity of injury resulting from falls increases as people get older. The most common serious injuries are head injuries, wrist fractures, spine fractures, and hip fractures.

What to do if you fall

  • Don’t panic. Assess the situation and determine if you are hurt.
  • Slide or crawl along the floor to the nearest couch or chair and try to get up.
  • If you can’t get up, call for help.
  • If you are alone, crawl slowly to the telephone and call 995

Personal Risk Factors

Personal risk factors account for approximately 75% of the risk of falls and are related to acquired disabilities, age-related changes and current diseases.

  • Age. The rate of hip fractures increases after age 50, doubling every five to six years.
  • Activity. Lack of weight-bearing exercise leads to decreased bone strength.
  • Gender. Reduced levels of estrogen after female menopause can result in osteoporosis. Women have two to three times as many hip fractures as men and a 20% chance of a hip fracture during their lifetime.
  • Habits. Smoking and/or excessive alcohol intake decreases bone strength.
  • Heredity. Caucasians and Asians with small, slender body structures are at risk; so are people who have a family history of fractures later in life.
  • Nutrition. Low calcium dietary intake, reduced calcium absorption and inadequate vitamin D are factors in osteoporosis.

Prevention Factors

  • Get an annual physical and eye examination, particularly an evaluation of cardiac and blood pressure problems.
  • Maintain a diet with adequate dietary calcium and vitamin D.
  • Participate in an exercise program for agility, strength, balance, and coordination.
  • Keep an up-to-date list of all medications and provide it to all doctors with whom you consult.
  • Know the side effects of your medications.
  • Make sure all medications are clearly labeled and stored in a well-lit area according to instructions.
  • Take medications on schedule with a full glass of water, unless otherwise instructed.